A survey shows most people in Wales would take up the offer of face-to-face bystander to violence training, given the opportunity.
In the latest survey from Public Health Wales’ Time to Talk Public Health panel, 6 in 10 people said they would be likely (38 percent) or very likely (23 percent) to take up the training if offered.
Bystander to violence training aims to empower people to develop the confidence and skills to safely step in and respond if they witness or have concerns about a potentially violent situation by defusing the environment, offering help to the victim and/or calling on others to help. Safely intervening in a situation should not be confrontational or increase the risk of violence for either the victim or the bystander.
Seven types of violence the public were asked about were:
- Sexual harassment towards females 16+ years
- Sexual violence towards females 16+ years
- Domestic abuse
- Verbal aggression between children and young people
- Physical violence between children and young people
- Physical punishment of children by an adult
- Abuse of older people
37 percent of respondents said that they had witnessed some form of violence over the last 12 months. The most commonly witnessed type of violence from the list presented was verbal aggression between children and young people (23 percent), followed by sexual harassment towards women and girls (12 percent), domestic abuse (9 percent) and physical violence between children and young people (9 percent).
The survey asked people which of a range of actions they would be likely to take if they were walking through a park and witnessed a young person being physically assaulted by another young person. The top responses were telling the person to stop and asking the victim if they are okay (64 percent) and reporting to the police (54 percent). These are two key examples of how people can help.
However, the survey found that many people felt they lacked the confidence and/or skills to intervene in violence, and this was highest for domestic abuse (out of seven forms of violence asked about*). Only 26 percent of people felt they would have both the confidence and the skills to do something about domestic abuse if they witnessed it, while 27 percent said they had neither the confidence nor the skills (27 percent had the confidence but not the skills and 16 percent had the skills but not the confidence). Conversely, 45 percent felt that they had both the confidence and the skills to intervene if they saw abuse of older people - the highest percent across the scenarios asked; with 23 percent saying they had the confidence but not the skills, 11 percent the skills but not the confidence, and 17 percent saying that they had neither.
Joanne Hopkins, Programme Director for ACEs, Criminal Justice, and Violence Prevention said:
“Everyone has a role to play in preventing violence, and so supporting people to act safely when they witness or have concerns about a violent situation is crucial.
“A bystander is able to help reduce the risk of violence through something as simple as not laughing at a misogynistic joke. Doing this gently challenges problematic beliefs a person holds. Problematic attitudes and beliefs underpin violence against women, domestic abuse, and sexual violence - it is about intervening early and safely to prevent the behaviour from escalating further.”
The Welsh Government has agreed to fund, develop and deliver an all-Wales bystander intervention training pilot that will be delivered to people across Wales over the next three years. This will include offering training to promote a pro-social and informed bystander intervention programme, which will run alongside Welsh Government’s current, established Violence Against Women, Domestic Abuse and Sexual Violence (VAWDASV) communication campaigns. The goal of the initiative is to create genuine and lasting changes in societal attitudes towards VAWDASV. The training suite is currently in development and will be available towards the end of 2023.
Jane Hutt, Minister for Social Justice and Chief Whip said:
“We want to make Wales the safest place to be a woman, and this innovative new pilot supports our aim by developing skills in safe bystander engagement.
“We want to ensure people have all the information they need to confidently prevent or respond to violence against women, domestic abuse and sexual violence. The pilot also supports our aim of changing attitudes, tackling gender norms and toxic masculinity, creating culture change, and further promoting that all forms of violence against women are unacceptable.
“Our training providers, Kindling Transformative Interventions, as well as their partners, have a breadth of experience in this area and I am very much looking forward to seeing the results.”
Anyone experiencing violence against women, domestic abuse or sexual violence, or abuse, or those concerned about somebody at risk – support is available to you now. Live Fear Free is a confidential and independent helpline that can provide advice and support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Call 0808 80 10 800 / Text 07860077333 / Email [email protected] / Webchat: https://www.gov.wales/live-fear-free/contact-live-fear-free
1,076 panel members responded to the Time to Talk Public Health survey conducted in June 2023 which asked Welsh residents (16+ years) their views on a range of health-related subjects such as NHS waiting lists, housing, bystander to violence, mental well-being, and primary care.